Brazilian Green Amethyst

February’s birthstone, Amethysts’ timeless beauty has captivated humanity as early as 2500 BC, affording this classic gemstone a colorful history, rich in myth, legend, and lore. An intriguing twist on this gem’s traditional purples, Brazilian Green Amethyst hails from Brejinho das Ametistas, a small mining district famous for its high-quality Amethyst crystals. Brazilian Green Amethyst’s gorgeous grass greens are prized for their exceptional quality and scarcity.

Hardness 7
Refractive Index 1.544 – 1.553
Relative Density 2.65
Enhancement Heat


Brazilian Green Amethyst displays beautifully brilliant, grass greens (moderate yellowish-green), with no undesirable grays, in a desirable medium-light saturation (strength of color) and tone (lightness or darkness of color).

With its innate beauty and inherent optical properties dependent on optimal cutting, Brazilian Green Amethyst’s expertly faceted in the famous Indian gem city of Jaipur, home to some of the world’s best lapidaries. Optimally faceted eye-clean (the highest quality clarity grade for colored gemstones, as determined by the world’s leading gemological laboratories), Brazilian Green Amethyst’s carefully orientated to maximize its colorful brilliance, maintaining a high-polish/luster, as well as a good overall appearance (outline, profile, proportions, and shape).

Colored by trace amounts of iron, Amethyst is a variety of macrocrystalline (large crystal) Quartz that traditionally comes in pastel roses to deep purples. Quartz is derived from the Saxon word ‘querklufterz’, meaning cross-vein-ore. Some other popular macrocrystalline quartzes are Citrine, Rose Quartz, and Tiger’s Eye. Cryptocrystalline (small crystal) Quartz gemstones include, Agate, Chalcedony, Jasper, and Onyx. Derived from the Greek ‘amethustos’, which means ‘not drunk’, Amethyst is mythologically associated with Dionysus (Bacchus to the Romans), the Greek god of wine, and was once fashioned into talismans and goblets to prevent intoxication. A green variety of Quartz, Green Amethyst’s traded under a variety of names. Gemologically, it’s Prasiolite (from the Greek words ‘prason’, meaning leek and ‘lithos’, meaning stone) and mineralogically, Green Quartz. Ranging in shades of green from pastel to deep forest, sometimes with secondary grey and yellow tones, its other names include, Vermarine, Lime Citrine, and Olive Quartz, a related color variety. While ‘Green Amethyst’ isn’t applied gemologically, Amethyst’s marketplace popularity sees this apt trade name widely used, noting virtually all ‘Prasiolite’ is enhanced Amethyst. While most Amethyst turns orange or yellow (Citrine) when heated, some occasionally turn green. As a result, almost all Prasiolite in the marketplace is enhanced using a combination of heat and irradiation. Permanent, safe and stable, both enhancements are totally accepted. Usually available as mineral specimens, natural Prasiolite’s translucent green is generally very light. While gemmy Quartz is not available in great abundance, mineral Quartzes’ found in many geological environments, is a component of almost every rock type, and is also the most varied mineral in terms of colors, forms, and varieties. All forms of Quartz are piezoelectric; when heated or rubbed they create an electrical charge, becoming a magnet that attracts lightweight objects. Tourmaline is the only other gemstone that possesses this property.


Found on every continent in varying amounts, Amethyst colors and quality differ depending on origin. First appearing in Europe in 1727, gorgeous Brazilian Amethyst remains prolific. Other notable sources include, Madagascar, Morocco, Uruguay, and Zambia. Very limited in its fine gemmy qualities, Green Amethyst is somewhat unusual, and better-known amongst collectors. Highly coveted for their rare beauty, Brazilian Green Amethyst comes from Brejinho das Ametistas, situated within Caetité municipality in the Brazilian state of Bahia. At around 12 percent, the cut yield for Brazilian Green Amethyst is lower than usual, the typical return on a gem mineral is 20 – 35 percent.

Recorded by the GIA (Gemological Institute of America) in 1982, Brejinho das Ametistas is located within an immense colluvium accumulated at the Espinhaço Range’s eastern foothills; an area locally called the Amethysts Range. Mined directly from host rock, Brazilian Green Amethyst’s typically found in vugs, small cavities in a rock or vein, often with a mineral lining.

Durability & Care

Brazilian Green Amethyst is a durable jewelry gemstone (Mohs’ Hardness: 7) well-suited to everyday wear. Always store Brazilian Green Amethyst carefully to avoid scuffs and scratches. Clean with gentle soap and lukewarm water, scrubbing behind the gem with a very soft toothbrush as necessary. After cleaning, pat dry with a soft towel or chamois cloth.

Map Location

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