Brazilian Kunzite is a rare, pastel pink gemstone from the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais (English: General Mines). Undeniably rare and wonderfully wearable with a colorful brilliance that surprises even experts, Brazilian Kunzite’s romantic, feminine hues define its breathtaking beauty.
Hardness 6.5 – 7
Refractive Index 1.660 – 1.681
Relative Density 3.15 – 3.21
Brazilian Kunzite’s beauty emanates from an excellent brilliance that attractively contrasts with its fine pastel pinks. Dependent on expert cutting and an eye-clean clarity, the highest quality clarity grade for colored gemstones as determined by the world’s leading gemological laboratories, Brazilian Kunzite is always challenging for the lapidary.
Strongly pleochroic (colors and their intensity change when viewed from different angles), if the raw crystal is not cut in precisely the correct direction, the best color will not be displayed. All our Brazilian Kunzite is faceted by some of the world’s best lapidaries who carefully orientate each crystal to skillfully unlock its inherent natural beauty.
Also known as the ‘evening gemstone’, Brazilian Kunzite loves the night life due to phosphorescence (glowing in low light conditions after exposure to sunlight) and the ability to retain brilliance in both candlelight and sunlight.
Discovered in California in 1902, Kunzite was named in honor of George Frederick Kunz, the gemologist credited with its identification. A legendary gem adventurer, Mr. Kunz was self-taught from books and practical research, collecting 4,000 mineral specimens while still in his teens. Author of numerous publications still readily available today, Mr. Kunz was employed as the resident gem expert at Tiffany & Co., becoming their vice president by the age of 23.
With scant production from a handful of countries including, Afghanistan, Brazil, Madagascar and Pakistan, Kunzite is the very rare pastel pink to rich orchid variety of the mineral Spodumene. This mineral’s colors are due to trace elements of iron (yellow to green), chromium (medium to deep green) and manganese (pink to purplish-red).
Representing less than two percent of total mine production, our Brazilian Kunzite comes from the Urucum Mine (Portuguese: Lavra do Urucum) located in Galiléia approximately two hours’ drive from the town of Governador Valadares in the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais. Opening in the mid-70s, the Urucum Mine closed in March 2014 and although production is expected to recommence, Brazilian Kunzite from this source is currently unavailable in the open market.
The Urucum Mine has unearthed many amazing gemstones and minerals, but approximately 10 years ago an unbelievable pocket was found that had over a dozen, huge quartz crystals up to 10 feet tall with each weighing up to six tons. The bottom of the pocket yielded some of the finest Kunzites the mine has ever produced and the entire pocket was also covered with hundreds of Tourmalines.
Durability & Care
Brazilian Kunzite is a durable gemstone (Mohs’ Hardness: 6.5 – 7) well-suited to everyday wear. Always store Brazilian Kunzite carefully to avoid scuffs and scratches. Clean with gentle soap and lukewarm water, scrubbing behind the gem with a very soft toothbrush as necessary. After cleaning, pat dry with a soft towel or chamois cloth.